Turkey Black Sea

A disaster far beyond imagination... A horror far from expression... And a unique, even monumental beauty, arisen from that horror...
In fact, the Bosphorus strait, which attracted ordinary people with its beauty and communities with its strategic position, which made İstanbul a favorite city for all civilizations throughout the history, is the most impressive "product" portraying the destrucitive side of the nature.

About 200 million years ago, the only big supercontinent on our Earth began to break-up throught rifting and during the formation of today's continents, the İstanbul Strait transformed into a deep valley.

Towards the end of the Ice Age, glacial meltwater had raised the level of the Mediterranean Sea and had flowed throught the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, filling the İstanbul Strait which had been a valley then. According to the theory of               William Ryan and Walter Pitman from Columbia University, water equal to "two hundred times what flows over Niagara Falls" had poured via the İstanbul Strait to the Balck Sea, which had been a freswater lake before, by 150 m. According to Ryan and Pitman, those legeng described in the story of Noah's Ark.