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When you approach from a distance, you might think Pamukkale is a snowy hill. But look closer and you will notice a true wander of Mother Nature. Pamukkale’s waters are rich in calcium carbonate, making the floors of the pools as soft as cotton. Actually in Turkey it is known as “cotton castle”. It is not another thermal spring, it is a geological marvel.

The Natural Aspect

This unique natural site is composed of terraces of carbonate minerals and hot springs known as travertine. Mineral rich waters are naturally heated to 360C. From ancient times to modern days, people from around the world have come to Pamukkale for its healing and therapeutic effects. If the mineral rich water would heal your body, then white infinitive ponds, clear blue water and the magnificent ruins of Hierapolis will heal your soul.

History of Hierapolis

Pamukkale which literally means cotton castle is the name Turks gave to the extraordinary side of Hierapolis. The name was inspired by the preternatural landscape bizarre forms created by cult deposits from the hot springs surface through afford mineral forests petrified cascades. The ancients attributed in healing powers to the hot springs 35 degrees Celsius equal the power to metamorphose the landscape. They founded a thermal station on the site in the late second century.

What to See and Do

The Necropolis

Necropolises are the main parts of the civilizations to understand their traditions, lives, and even their dreams. The north necropolis of Hierapolis was the home for thousands of bodies. This necropolis is like a huge city.

The Roman Bath

Roman Bath was built around the 2C AD and was used a Christian Basilica beginning in the 5th century.  But in the present day serves as a small archaeological museum with local finds. And this Roman Bath is one of the biggest buildings in Hierapolis ancient city. The bath had three sections. A cold water room, where people washed, a warm room and a hot room with spring water. This thermal bath could house 1000 people at a time.

The Sacred Pool

This sacred pool remains from Roman times and it was the center of spa in Hierapolis. It is surrounded by pines, palm trees and oleanders. Also the temperature of this pool is not hot but warm. Not only deep points at the pool, but also some shallower points suitable for children.

The Theater

Some ruins are the best preserved of ancient theater in 2C AD in Turkey and 3rd most impressive theater after Ephesus and Aspendus. The well-preserved theater of Hierapolis commands magnificent view.  The original theater was located above the northern gate. But when the city was rebuilt in 1680 the theater was relocated here seats from the old structure were used in the work. During the reign of Septimus Severus the theater scene (where the actors changed costumes) was modified and richly decorated with relief. And the capacity of this theater was 20.000 spectators.
The biggest difference of this theater is; it took 150 years to complete the construction. Because of the earthquakes happened during the construction, it was opened in 3rd century AD.

What to Eat

What you should eat in Denizli? Let’s have a look! Aubergine dishes should surely be tasted. In Denizli people like aubergine very much and they cook it in different ways. The aubergine kebab and stuffed aubergineare very popular. The ovmaç soup, stuffed kumbar, grilled tripe, alaçora, arabaşı and keshek are some of other traditional dishes you can taste in Denizli. After your meal, you can enjoy some semolina havla in one of the patisseries at the city centre.